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Pronunciation: Long Vowels  

2012-06-25 23:25:00|  分类: Pronunciation |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Vowel Sounds

A vowel is a sound made by the relatively free movement of air through the mouth, usually forming the main sound of a syllable. The vowels are a, e, i, o, and u.

Each vowel has two sounds: a long sound and a short sound. The long sound is the same as its name. Every vowel also makes a third sound: the schwa. This is the sound of a vowel that is unstressed in an unstressed syllable.

Note: The letter y sometimes substitutes for i and is a vowel when it does so. Likewise, the vowel w sometimes substitutes for u and is considered a vowel when it does so. However, y sometimes appears as the only vowel in a syllable, such as in gym and why, whereas w never appears as a vowel all by itself. When w acts as a vowel, it always follows a (as in paw), e (as in new), or o (as in grow).

Long Vowel

A long vowel sound is the same as its name. The diacritical mark for a long vowel is called a macron ( ? ), which is in the shape of a line above the vowel.

When a single vowel letter is at the end of a word (or syllable), it usually says its long sound (or its name), as in go and be. When two vowels go hand in hand in the same word (or syllable), the first vowel is usually long, and the second vowel is usually silent. e.g., bake makes the /ay/ sound (long a) and the e is silent; goal makes the /oh/ sound (long o) and the a is silent. However, there are many exceptions to this rule, such as with irregular vowels.


When there are two adjacent vowels in a word, the first one is long and the second one is silent.


There is both a long and short sound to “oo”. The long sound appears as in the words boo, food, smooth, and moose.


The following is a list of long vowel sounds, shown along with their diacritical marks:

  • Long a (ā) sound as in : ape, snail, ache, explain, and reindeer
  • Long e (ē) sound as in : eat, agony, needle, pianist, and electricity
  • Long i (ī) sound as in : eye, cry, tightrope, tile, and violin
  • Long o (ō) sound as in : oh, domino, ghost, pillow, and stethoscope
  • Long u (ū) sound as in : you, salute, toothbrush, goose, boot, and costume



Long and Short Vowel Practice

bit------------bite
cap
------------cape
cod
------------code
con
------------cone
dan------------dane
dim
------------dime
fad
------------fade
fat
------------fate
fin
------------fine
fir
------------fire
hat
------------hate
hid
------------ hide
hop
------------ hope
kit
------------ kite
cub
------------ cube
Jan
------------ Jane
man
------------ mane
mad
------------ made
mat
------------ mate
not
------------ note
pal
------------ pale
pan
------------ pane
pin
------------ pine
rat
------------ rate
rid
------------ ride
rip
------------ ripe
rob
------------ robe
rod
------------ rode


Exercise:

He might serve you in a restaurant: w________
He betrays his country to the enemy: tr_______or
The opposite of success: f_________
This will get bigger if you keep eating too much: w______line
These travel very, very slowly: s______s
Someone you know - but not very well: acqu_________ce
They travel the oceans: s________s 



Pronunciation: Long Vowels - Language★Change - 中SpeakerS CorneR英
 

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