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语法:Lesson 10/11 The loss of the Titanic/Not guilty  

2012-06-27 18:50:11|  分类: Grammar |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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说明:lesson 10语法点较少,将lesson 10和lesson 11放一起讲
 Lesson 11语法点总结:
(1)The hardened professional smuggler,on the other hand, is never troubled by such feelings, even if he has five hundred gold watches hidden in his suitcase.
语法点1(复习):hidden in his suitcase为过去分词做后置定语
句型转换:hidden in his suitcase=which is hidden in his suitcase

(2)Have you anything to declare? he asked, looking me in the eye
语法点2:含have的一般疑问句英美表达方式的不同
解析:Have you anything to declare(英式表达)
     Do you have anything to declare(美式表达)
语法点3:来对比这一句话:"Whatever are you doing up here?"asked the vicar in surprise
解析:当宾语从句是直接引语且位于句首时,主句常用完全倒装,但说话者为代词时不用倒装结构
练:"I don't know,"______.
A. answered he   B. answered Peter C. Peter answered  D. did he answer
语法点4(复习):looking me in the eye为现在分词短语做伴随状语,修饰asked
复习:造句:就在轿车离开的时候,泰勒先生从店里冲出来,跟在车后追赶,一边还往车上扔烟灰缸,花瓶。

(3)I saw the Officer's face light up.
语法点5:使役动词和表示感观的动词做谓语,不定式做宾补要省略to.
        其形式通常为make、have、let sb do sth.
                             see、hear、sb do sth
e.g He made me laugh
e.g We often hear the baby cry in Room 302
但这种结构改成被动式时,不定式符号必须还原
e.g I was made to laugh
e.g The baby is often heared to cry in Room 302
练习:将下面句子改成被动形式
Customs Officers often make honest people feel guilty

 Lesson 10语法点总结
(1)A particularly officious young Customs Officer clearly regarded me as a smuggler.(regard sb/sth as sb/sth)
   At that time, however, she was not only the largest ship that had ever been built, but was regarded as unsinkable
语法1难点(复习):regard...as用法
解析:第一句话as是介词,介词后一般只能加名词或代词,不可能是形容词。而第二句as是连词,是个省略句,全句应为but was regarded as (it was) unsinkable
在英语中有很多介词连词混用的现象,在这里只要记住regard sb/sth as adj这种结构即可。

引用来自百度知道:
问题:帮忙看下这个句子中as 后面怎么是个形容词。是形容词作名词用?还是有regard sth as+adj.这种用法呢?
2012-5-29 22:57 提问者: afternoon000 | 浏览次数:52次

Think about Stephen Hawking, for example, a very clever scientist who regards his many physical problems as unimportant.
这是人教版新目标九年级第一单元上的一个句子。求解答一针见血。

(2)The Titanic turned just in time, narrowly missing the immense wall of ice which rose over 100 feet out of the water beside her.
语法点2:missing后的现在分词短语做什么成分?

(3)Below,the captain realized to his horror that the Titanic was sinking rapidly.
语法点3:不定式做独立成分
解析:这里to his horror让他害怕的,是作为插入语放在了realized的后面,整个句子是这样的
     To his horror, the captain realized that Titanic was sinking rapidly.

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