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English-Chinese language learning and practice group where both Native Chinese & English speakers provide lessons every night from 7:30PM (Beijing) & 8:30PM (UK time). Check the Lesson Timetable!

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Basic: Lesson 1: Hello!  

2012-07-20 01:47:43|  分类: Basic Chinese |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1.你好 nǐ hǎo!Hello

It is an everyday greeting and is used at any time, on any occasion and by a person of any social status. The reply should also be "你好"(nǐ hǎo).

2.你好吗?

It is a daily greeting and is usually used between acquaintances. The answer would often be "我很好"(wǒ hěn hǎo, I'm very well.).

3.很

Although "很"(hěn) generally means "very", it is not used in exactly the same way as in English. It's often used before an adjective. "很" is a very commonly used adverb. Sometimes "很" does not exactly mean the degree is quite high when it's used before an adjective.

4.吗 and 呢

"吗"(ma) and "呢"(ne) are modal particles. Generally speaking, it's used at the end of an interrogative sentence.


"吗"(ma):

used to as yes no questions. When added to the end of a sentence, turns a statement into a question

Example:

Statement: 他是中国人 Tā shì zhōngguó rén

Question: 他是中国人吗? Tā shì zhōngguó rén ma?


"呢"(ne)

particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?");

particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?");

particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words

Example: 这本书是谁的呢? Zhè běn shū shì shuí de ne?

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